September National Month
The controversy about September 15 and 16. And why it is so exciting to give your own cry of Dolores.
The history of the independence of Mexico is full of curiosities linked to its characters and its different stages. Without a doubt one of the most interesting is the controversy that is generated by the coincidence between the two most important dates in the history of our country and the births of certain important characters of that story, protagonists of different events of course.
What are they and what does the story say about it? Here's a bit of it.
Not only on September 16, but this whole month is marked by the independence of Mexico. So we could say that September is THE month of Mexico. And it is celebrated in a big way, but before getting at the and fun and exotic Mexican celebrations, which are incredible, we enter its very interesting historical context with a summary of the development of the most important dates and then the places and celebrations that you do not you can not miss.
Well, would you like to know what's up? Say no more amigo! The most important dates of September in Mexico are the following:
September 15, celebration of the Grito de Dolores of September 16, 1810.
And here the controversy about the date of the Grito de Dolores and the Celebration of the independence of Mexico.
September 16, Independence Day: The Scream of Dolores.
Let's see what the story says.
It all began on September 16 with the famous ”Grito de Dolores"which is calling the mexican people to join the movement and fight for their independence, which happened in Dolores, Hidalgo, the main town where the church of "Our Lady of Sorrows" is located in Guanajuato, called this way after "the cradle of independence". by calling out loud from the church in a way of symbolic scream, to uprising it people to fight.
It was early in the morning of September 16, 1810. The tension was felt in the environment that resulted from the mixture of the malaise of the people, conspiracies discovered and tyrannies. In that rigid and thin silence, able to cut without the slightest effort, suddenly, a priest, Manuel Hidalgo, the insurgent, who already had followers for his ideas of freedom, around 5 o'clock, interrupts the fragile almost sepulchral rest of the people with a loud cry that would ignite hope immediately ... the history of Mexico will change forever.
However, the “cry of pain” is celebrated on the 15th, and although there are those who dare to maintain that since 1840 people celebrated from a day before, the truth is that Porfirio Diaz (who for many of the Mexicans was a dictator and worst government in the history of Mexico, for others however he is a hero) in 1896 he ordered the transfer of the leading bell that accompanied the proclamation of Miguel Hidalgo, from Dolores, Guanajuato, to the National Palace, Mexico City, what was called Federal District (DF).
And it is coincidentally from that year (1896) that it became customary for the president to ring the emblematic bell of the “cry of pain” around 11 p.m. every September 15. With what is true, due to justifications, it is that the date of Mexican independence has been deliberately modified the day before. Coincidentally in coincidence with the birth of Porfirio Díaz. With what everyone suspects of the true motives and origins of this custom.
Other antecedents of the celebration of the “Grito de Dolores” that shed light on the controversy.
In fact, having been shot, Miguel Hidalgo by the royalist army on July 30, 1811, the first celebration of the cry of pain was on September 16, yes, September 16, 1812, Promoted by General Ignacio López Rayón, secretary of the priest Hidalgo, who celebrated the Grito de Dolores for the first time in the history of Mexico.
Another antecedent to take into account in this regard is that in 1813, José María Morelos & Pavón "Servant of the Fatherland" and successor leader after the death of the priest Hidalgo, referred to it in "feelings of the Nation", base parts of the Constitution of 1814, holding that it should be solemnized on September 16 “as the anniversary day when the voice of Independence was raised”
The Zocalo was and will be the Heart of Mexico throughout history.
What is popularly known as El Zócalo, Mexico City's main square (officially, "The Constitution Square of Mexico City"), is located in what is now called "Historic Center of Mexico City" , is exactly what was previously the political and religious center of Tenochtitlan founded around 1325, capital of the Mexica empire, or also called, Aztec ..
Beyond this controversy always present in the homeland anniversary, Mexico lives
independence day in pure celebration and with great feeling. And as the legendary bell of the “cry of Dolores” is now in the National Palace, Mexico City beats the passion for its colors with great celebrations everywhere, and the zocalo dresses as a homeland and celebrates it in a big way.
The celebration of Independence Day at the Zocalo is a party that you cannot miss above all, in the heart of the Historic Center of Mexico:
Give your own “great Scream of Dolores” accompanied by the clink of the authentic bell which it all began with.
Currently the Zocalo has (link to Best Best Western) around it, so that visitors and their own can appreciate and participate in the celebrations and fireworks, for example on terraces with privileged views.
September 27. Consummation of the independence of Mexico.
After 11 years of fervent battle, on September 27, 1821 the Trigarante army, under the command of Agustín de Iturbide, enters Mexico City triumphantly, consummating independence.
The trigarante army is the result of the union of the Mexican realists and the Mexican insurgents, the latter commanding Vicente Guerrero.
This feat, of the famous triumphal entry into Mexico City of the great trigarante army, is carried out coincidentally with the birth of the leader. So it was the day of his birthday that Mexico's independence was consumed. Antecedent that makes us suspect more of Porfirio Díaz's ego, if it was a question that he could not be left behind, it is a difficult question to answer.
Another curiosity not less in this case, is that Iturbide condemned the insurrection of the priest Hidalgo, and in fact fights and defeats his followers from the realistic side. He decided to join the independentistas in 1821. And after his agreement with Vicente Guerrero they put an end to three centuries of Spanish domination.
Finally, another very pertinent date that invites the Zocalo, and all the importance of Mexico City in September:
September 13, Los Ninos Heroes.
The heroic and famous battle of the Ninos Heroes of Chapultepec Castle.
This story takes place on September 13, 1847, during the Mexican-American War. And it is about the resistance of a group of 51 cadets against a North American invasion in which they defended position in Chapultepec Castle, then Military College, presenting battle, although it is known that they had been invited to leave their positions and flee , which the hero children did not do in the battle of Chapultepec. Six of them lost their lives in Chapultepec Castle and today they are emblematic of Mexican patriotism and resistance. They are a pride for Mexico and today they have monuments and various types of tributes.
Currently Chapultepec Castle is the National History Museum and is located in Chapultepec
Forest. Those who have the opportunity to visit it, this is a place that cannot be missed, it is not only a true temple of history, its walls are an intrinsic part of the most relevant in the history of Mexico.
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